Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

By the end of the second grade year, children should reach the following milestones.

Listening Skills

  • Follows multiple oral directions in order like, “Stay in your seat, wait for the bust to stop, and don’t forget your backpack.”
  • Understands words related to place and time, such as “on top of”, “behind”, “after” and “yesterday”
  • Answers questions about a story
  • Understands material and topics being taught in class

Talking Skills

  • Answers complex yes/no questions like, “Was the boy in the story telling the truth when he said he was going to a friend’s house?”
  • Explains words and ideas logically
  • Asks and answers “who, what when, where and why” questions
  • Uses more complex sentences when speaking
  • Provides directions with three to four steps
  • Uses oral language to inform, persuade and entertain
  • Stays on topic, takes turns, and uses eye contact during conversations
  • Opens and ends conversations properly
  • Talks for various reasons such as to comment on something, argue a point, and make someone laugh

Reading Skills

  • Knows all letters and sounds
  • Links speech sounds to written words
  • Knows many words by sight
  • Identifies and uses spelling patterns such as “cat” and “hat” end with the same sound
  • Reviews and self-corrects when necessary
  • Finds facts to answer questions
  • Uses clues (such as pictures and titles) to figure out what words mean
  • Explains the main parts of a story including main topic, characters and plot
  • Predicts what might happen in stories
  • Reads and retells a story in the correct order
  • Reads second-grade stories, poetry or plays silently and out loud
  • Reads smoothly and doesn’t need to sound out many words
  • Reads for fun!

Writing Skills

  • Writes neatly
  • Uses many types of sentences in stories, journals, poetry, etc.
  • Uses capital letters and basic punctuations like commas, periods and question marks correctly
  • Writes stories that have a clear beginning, middle and end
  • Spells common words correctly and begins to spell more challenging words

If your child has not established the skills listed, you may want to make an appointment for a speech-language evaluation.